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  • Writer's pictureJessica Trainor

The Link Between Poor Body Image and Eating Disorders

There is so much pressure in today’s society to conform to unrealistic standards, specifically beauty standards. These expectations and unrealistic ideals can take a toll on your mental and emotional well-being. Poor body image is characterized by negative thoughts and feelings about one's appearance. Poor body image has been shown to be strongly linked to the development of eating disorders and disordered eating behaviors. In this blog post, we will explore this connection in more detail, as well as shed some light on the contributing factors. At the end, we will review the importance of non-critical, balanced body image.

Body image refers to one’s perception, thoughts, and feelings about their own body. It is influenced by many things, such as societal expectations, what is portrayed in the media, interactions with others, personal experiences and so much more. When we develop poor body image, it can lead to a range of psychological and emotional challenges, including eating disorders, disordered eating, self-criticism, destructive behaviors and so on.

Eating disorders are complex, they involve unhealthy relationships with food, body dissatisfaction, and distorted perceptions of body shape and weight. While there are various factors that can contribute to the development of eating disorders, poor body image plays a significant role.

The Link between Poor Body Image and Eating Disorders

Societal Pressures and Media Influence:

Societal beauty standards, perpetuated by media platforms, often promote unrealistic and narrow ideals of beauty. The constant exposure to images of idealized bodies can lead to self-comparison - fueling feelings of inadequacy and dissatisfaction. This dissatisfaction can contribute to the development of disordered behaviors around food in hopes to achieve an unattainable ideal.

Low Self-Esteem and Body Dissatisfaction:

Poor body image is strongly associated with low self-esteem and body dissatisfaction. Individuals who feel dissatisfied with their bodies are likely to develop negative beliefs about themselves, leading to feelings of worthlessness and self-criticism. Eating disorders may develop as a misguided attempt to regain control, cope with negative emotions, or conform to perceived societal expectations.

Emotional Coping Mechanisms:

For some, engaging in disordered eating behaviors becomes a way to cope with emotional distress or to regain a sense of control over their lives. The relationship between poor body image and eating disorders is often intertwined with emotional factors such as anxiety, depression, and perfectionism. Disordered eating behaviors temporarily alleviate emotional discomfort, but they ultimately exacerbate the negative body image and perpetuate a very harmful cycle.

Promoting a Balanced Body Image

Media Literacy and Awareness:

Developing media literacy skills can help you critically evaluate media messages and recognize the unrealistic nature of beauty standards. By understanding how images are manipulated and recognizing the diversity of real bodies, you can cultivate a more realistic and balanced perception of yourself.


Practicing self-compassion involves treating oneself with kindness and understanding. Embracing parts of the self and challenging negative self-talk can help in the development of a balanced body image. Focusing on qualities, accomplishments, how you show up in the world, and overall well-being rather than solely on appearance is crucial.

Supportive Environments:

Creating supportive environments that promote body neutrality and diversity is essential. This includes promotion and normalization in educational institutions, workplaces, and social circles. Encouraging open dialogue, providing resources, and challenging weight-based stereotypes can contribute to a more inclusive and accepting society.

Seeking Professional Help:

If poor body image begins to impact daily life, self-esteem, and overall well-being, seeking professional help from a therapist experienced in treating eating disorders can be instrumental. Therapy can provide the necessary support, guidance, and tools to address underlying issues, challenge distorted thoughts, and develop healthy coping strategies.

The link between poor body image and eating disorders is undeniable, with societal pressures, media influence, low self-esteem, and emotional factors playing significant roles. Recognizing the impact of poor body image is crucial for promoting a healthier and more accepting society. By fostering media literacy, practicing self-compassion, creating supportive environments, and seeking professional help when needed, we can work towards dismantling harmful beauty standards and cultivating a society that embraces diversity and kindness.



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